Rat and Mice Extermination in Portland
Rats and Mice share our food and shelter
Rats and Mice have been sharing human food and shelter for many years. The word rodent means “to gnaw” and rats and mice have incisor teeth that grow continuously throughout their lives. These incisors are kept filed by grinding the incisors against one another and by the rodents constantly gnawing on objects. The reproductive capabilities of rodents are impressive when living conditions are good. A female can produce four to seven pups per litter, with a gestation period of just 19 days. She typically produces about eight litters in her lifetime and if times are good, she is capable of giving birth to a litter every 24 to 28 days. Young mice are sexually mature within 5 to 8 weeks and have a lifespan of about 1 year. Dominant mice may live as long as 2 years.
The reproductive capabilities of rodents are impressive when living conditions are good. A female can produce four to seven pups per litter, with a gestation period of just 19 days. She typically produces about eight litters in her lifetime and if times are good, she is capable of giving birth to a litter every 24 to 28 days. Young mice are sexually mature within 5 to 8 weeks and have a lifespan of about 1 year. Dominant mice may live as long as 2 years.
Rats and Mice carry disease
Many diseases have been associated with mice and rats over the years, like the Plague, (which killed millions of people in the fourteenth century), Murine Typhus, Rickettsial Pox , Salmonellosis, Rat-bite fever Rabies and more. Of concern today is the Hantavirus which had an outbreak between 1993 – 1995.
Because of improved sanitation, effective drugs, and rodent and insect control programs, the disease threat from rodents is not as significant as it once was. However, the habits of rodents such as traveling and dwelling in sewers, garbage and so on makes the threat of transmitting disease and potential outbreaks still a concern today.
Do you have rats or mice?
Rats and Mice are appalling to have run around your home or business. Some physical signs of rodent infestation may be droppings left behind, gnawing damage, runways showing rub marks, urine stains, and possible odors. The Norway rat droppings are black with an average length of ¾ inch, roof rat droppings are about ½ inch in length and the house mouse ¼ inch in length with the general shape of a grain of rice. These are often discovered in the back of cupboards and other secluded areas and are a definite indication of an infestation.
Rodent Control in Portland has faced challenges over the years due to the close proximity of the shipping yards and the habitat provided due to industries and recreational activities of both the Columbia and Willamette Rivers. Sanitation improvements have helped to control the population however it is important to be diligent in these efforts on our part. The following list provides helpful information on what you can do to control and reduce the population of rats and mice in your environment.
Sanitation is key. Remove all possible availability to food and shelter.
- Clean up all rubbish piles, garbage from yards and surrounding areas.
- Food refuse should be kept in rodent-proof containers until it is removed from the premises.
- All garbage cans and industrial dumpsters must have tight-fitting covers
- Grass, weeds, and other undesirable vegetation adjacent to buildings should be removed.
- Clean up all bird seed residue, this is food for rodents.
- Overgrown landscape plantings provide rodents with food and cover. They need to be maintained.
- Lumber, rock piles, old equipment construction materials and so forth should be eliminated.
- Items that must be kept should be stored at least 18 inches off the ground and 12 inches away from walls or fences.
- Check all vents for the crawl space and repair any in poor condition.
- Seal all holes and cracks in doors, windows and around pipes and wiring.
All potential rodent harborages must be identified and eliminated or modified.
- Obscure corners, shelves, cabinets, work tables, lockers, and equipment provide dark, out-of-the-way harborage. Where possible rodent proof these areas. As well as under stairways and machinery. Look for small entry points and fill or repair as needed
- Use proper storage practices. Use rodent proof containers, for boxed or paper containers that can be gnawed through by a rodent.
- Clean up all pet food and pet debris- feed pets only what is needed and then pick up the dish.
- Remove all piled up papers or magazines. These make great nesting material for rodents.
- Stored pet and wildlife food should be kept in areas not accessible to rodents and in rodent-proof containers
These sanitation recommendations should be done in conjunction with any pest control service you may retain.
WE CAN HELP…..
American Extermination has been offering pest control for over 20 years and can rid you of these disgusting pests. Contact us today for an inspection, your situation can be evaluated and treatment solutions provided to eliminate your pest problem.
Because different treatments will affect each pest differently, our goal is to adapt each treatment to your specific extermination needs. American Extermination Plus, Inc. provides services to residential and commercial customers. Call today for a free inspection to find out how we may help you.